Bad breath may be a common ill health within the society.Offenssive smell from the mouth could also be thanks to various reasons.The main reason is that the presence of anaerobic bacteria within the biofilm formed on the tongue .These bacteria degrades the proteins present within the food leading to the assembly of some offenssive gases like hydrogen sulphide,skatol ect.
Bad odor from the mouth within the early morning is seen in most individuals.This can be controlled by maintaining oral hygiene.Even after cleaning the mouth some individuals may suffer from bad breath thanks to some problem within the mouth or within the nearby areas.Some general disease condition also can produce bad breath.Exact cause has got to be identified and will be treated accordingly.Some common measures to cure or reduce bad breath are discussed here.
1) Oral hygiene:
Mouth should be kept clean whenever to scale back the bacterial action.After food gargling with lukewarm water is extremely essential.Even after small food articles like snacks,sweets,buscuits cleaning with water is required .Brushing should be done twice daily.It is said that early morning brushing is for beauty and bed time brushing is permanently health.
2) Brushing techniques:
Normal brushing technique should be followed for better result.Many people brush vigorously causing damage to the gums.Brushing after every food and drink can damage the enamel .Bristles of the tooth brush should be smooth but hard enough to get rid of the food particles from the gaps.The direction of brushing is that the most vital thing.The upper teeth should be brushed during a downward direction and therefore the lower in upward direction.This is applicable to both inner and outer surfaces.Next comes the crown of the teeth;here brushing is completed in anterior and posterior direction keeping the comb in same direction.This applicable to both upper and lower set of teeth.
3) Tongue cleaning:
White or yellowish coating on the tongue can cause bad breath.This is more well marked within the morning and will be removed twice daily with the healp of a tongue cleaner. Tongue cleaner must be used gently without damaging the taste buds on the tongue.
4) Tooth pick:
Tooth pick may be a small strip of wood or plastic with a pointed end.This is wont to remove food particles lodged between the gaps.Very useful after eating meat and fish.Should be used gently to avoid damage to gums.
After every meal gargling with lukewarm water is beneficial .For better result little common salt is dissolved within the lukewarm water .Different types of mouth wash is out there within the market in several trade names.Gargling with mouth wash also can reduce bad breath.
6) Food habits:
Protein containing food articles are known to supply bad breath. Example; meat, milk, fish, egg etc. If these food articles are taken proper cleaning is important .Some food articles are known to supply particular smell which can be unpleasent for others. Raw onion is that the best example.It is said that an apple each day keeps the doctor away and a raw onion each day keep every one away.Small food articles taken in between also can cause bad smell(nuts,fried items etc).Maintaining regularity in food timing is that the most vital thing.
7) Water intake:
Dryness within the mouth can make a favourable condition for the bacterial activity leading to bad odor.saliva is required to stay the mouth moist and to scale back the bacterial proliferation.Production of saliva is closely related with water balance of the body and hence sufficient quantity of water should be taken to take care of the assembly of saliva.
8) Mouth freshners:
Natural and artificial mouth freshners can reduce the intensity of bad breath to some extent.Spicy articles are commonly used for this purpose.Chewing spices like clove,cumin seed,cardomom,cinnamon,ginger ect are useful. All citrus fruits can reduce bad odor.Mouth freshners and chewing gums are available within the market.these products also are helpful ,but some may cause damage hence should be used with caution.
If the above things doesn’t work then what to try to to ?
Consider the following:-
1) Remove the cause:
Bad breath is common in some general and systemic diseases like diabetes,fevers,gastric disorders,liver diseases and ect.By removing or reducing the first cause the bad breath will go automatically.
2) Modern medicine:
If bad breath is thanks to any infection suitable antibiotics,anti fungal or anti viral medicines will help.If it’s thanks to any autoimmune or chronic inflamatory conditions steroids can also be used.Saliva producing tablets also can be used.
3) Dental cleaning:
Dental cleaning done by a dentist can remove the dental plaques and tartar. this will reduce the severity of bad breath.Visit your dentist atleast once during a year.
4) Filling of caries:
Since caries are one among the most cause for bad breath it should be filled by a dentist.Earlier silver amalgam was used ,nowadays it’s replaced by synthetic materials.If the cavity is suffering from the caries passage treatment are often done.
5) Tooth extraction:
If caries are deep with destruction of teeth with bad smell extraction is that the more sensible choice and a implant are often kept within the gap.
Patients with recurrent tonsillitis can have bad breath thanks to offenssive discharges and release of pasty materials from the crypts of tonsils.Such patients get great relief after tonsillectomy(removal of tonsils).
7) Psychological counselling:
Those who suffer from bad breath could also be considerably depressed and that they be faraway from the general public .This isolation hampers their daytoday activities.Such people should understand the very fact that each one humanbeings are having bad breath, but with slight differences in intensities.Mostly all people control it by taking care .Every physical body possesses it’s own smell,that may or might not be tolerable for others.They should be adviced to try to to all hygienic meashures to scale back the intensity of smell.Improving the standard of life by all possible means also can help.Moral support from friends and relations are needed for such people.